Europe will benefit from Pollins system in several aspects such as environmental, health and safety issues, financial, agricultural, habitat and ground water protection.
Environmental – health & safety benefits: Cancer in European children younger than 15 years old is in general terms rare but remains one of the most common causes of death in children in industrialised countries. Random exposure is the best documented environment-related cause of cancer but is localized in geographical areas where pollution occurs. As Pollins system will provide the capacity to detect soil contamination on the ground, the environmental exposure to this kind of diseases will be decreased.
Agricultural benefits: Pollins system aims in the protection of soil quality and consequently of plants and habitants. In particular, almost all vegetation including grassland, arable crops and trees, need soil for the supply of water and nutrients and to fix their roots. If the soil is contaminated, the nutrients will decrease and the health of crops and plants will be affected. Pollins will ensure the non contamination of the soil by providing effective detection of harmful polutants before they reach to crops and plants. Thus, the agricultural food products and forestry will not deteriorateby pollution Better soil quality means increased rooting depth and water holding capacity.
Ground water protection. Identification of contaminated sites will reduce the risk for human and animal health damage through drinking water extracted from below the contaminated sites. Soil store and partly transforms minerals, organic matter, water and energy, and diverse chemical substances. It functions as a natural filter for groundwater, the main source for drinking water, and releases CO2, methane and other gases in the atmosphere. Accumulation of pollutants by elevated concentrations of fertilizers and pesticides in local deposition areas deplete the soil’s filter and buffer capacity.
Habitat protection. Soil is also the habitat for a huge amount and variety of organisms living in and on the soil, all with unique gene patterns. It performs essential ecological functions, which will be protected by the results of the project. Without the expected from the project benefits on protecting soil quality, there will be a decrease in soil biodiversity which plays an important role in the formation and stabilization of organo-mineral complexes. Decline in soil biodiversity affects soil turnover, decreases aggregation, increases crusting, reduces infiltration rates and exacerbates soil erosion. In other words, reduction in soil biodiversity enhances the impacts of soil erosion.